Coffee; History, Benefits and 10 Countries with the Best Coffee . Coffee is one of the most popular drinks in the world. Coffee drink is a drink that comes from ground coffee beans. Currently coffee is a commodity that is widely traded between countries.
There are two of the most famous coffees in the world, Arabica (Arabica) and Robusta (Caneph Canephore), but do you know who introduced them first? How to find coffee and the history of coffee discovery so far
The word coffee itself comes from the Arabic word qahwah which means strength, because when coffee was first found to be used as an energy food, the word qahwah was changed back to kahveh, which comes from Turkey and later changed to Dutch koffie. then absorbed from here and converted into Indonesian coffee.
Discover the history of coffee
In history when the Ethiopians first discovered coffee as an energy drink 3000 years ago, the discovery of coffee beans itself began in 800 BC, when many people on the African continent were drinking coffee beans mixed with animal fat and wine. Used as a source of production. nutrition and energy.
The discovery of coffee happened accidentally to a goat herder there, he saw that his sheep remained awake until after eating a grain on the coffee plant, the sun set.
Then the shepherd follows the goat, by boiling the coffee beans in boiling water. The shepherd’s body becomes fresh. The locals told the discoverer, and then the locals followed suit, but the priests said the power came from the devil.
This habit then developed in all countries in Africa, at this time the introduction was still using a very simple method, then the Arabs used a more advanced method.
Development of Coffee in Arab Countries
Starting in Ethiopia and Africa, coffee was brought to Arabia in the 11th century. Arabic was more advanced than http://184.108.40.206/ Ethiopian civilization at that time. The Arabs not only made coffee, but also processed coffee and fruit juices. Finally, coffee has become the main drink in Muslim countries. Coffee in Arabic. Its popularity is caused by two things. First, coffee drinks can be healthy and replace alcohol or cocamas which are prohibited by Islam.
With the spread of Islam increasingly spreading to Africa, the Mediterranean and other regions, the development of coffee is increasingly rapid. At that time the spread of Islam always brought coffee. It wasn’t until the 13th century that coffee finally spread to Africa and the Mediterranean, India. From the 14th to the 15th centuries, it became more and more widespread in Turkey, Egypt, Syria and Persia.
Until the 16th century, this coffee plant propagation was only carried out in the Arab region, so it could not be grown outside of Arabia, because Arabs always exported sterile coffee beans by cooking and drying them first, so they could not be planted. Until the end, pilgrims from India brought coffee beans from Arabia and cultivated them outside of Arabia.
Spread to Europe and the world
Europe did not know about coffee until the 17th century, until the Italians first brought coffee to Venice in 1615, they obtained coffee beans from Turkey, and then coffee spread widely in Europe to other European countries, and the Netherlands was the first. was successful. in 1616 Coffee was grown in Europe, and England was the first coffee shop to open in Oxford in 1650.
Coffee itself entered Indonesia in 1690 and was brought to Java by the Dutch, Indonesia was still colonizing there. Then the Dutch opened coffee plantations in Java and succeeded in making the Netherlands the main center of the coffee trade in Europe.
At that time coffee could only be enjoyed by aristocrats and elites, so the Brazilian state took the initiative to reduce coffee prices in 1727. Coffee beans were successfully obtained from coffee plantations in France and were successfully grown in France on a large scale. In the 19th century, the price of coffee in the market dropped sharply and everyone could enjoy it.
Also Read: 10 Best Types of Coffee in the World and Their History
Types of coffee beans
In general, there are 4 types of coffee, namely Araba Coffee (Cafee Araba), Cannephora Coffee (Cannephora Coffee), Liberica Coffee (Liberica Coffee), Excelsa Coffee (Dewevrei Coffee).
Indonesia produces 6 out of 7 Arabica coffees, namely Aceh, Kintamani (Bali), Java, Manguraya (Bangladesh), and Mandalin (North Sumatra). Carlosi (Toraja), and other arabica coffees are called Jamaica of the Blue Mountains.
- Arabica coffee
Arabica coffee is called coffee quite delicious, Arabica coffee has a characteristic
Arabica coffee beans are smaller than the Robusta coffee type
The caffeine content in Arabica coffee is lower than other types.
The price is more expensive
There are many varieties of Arabica coffee.
- Columbia coffee
- Moderate Colombia
- Huehuetenango, Guatemala
- Harald, Ethiopia
- Hawaiian Kona coffee
- Jamaican Blue Mountain Coffee
- Javanese coffee
- Sulawesi Toraha Kalossi
- Tanzania Peaberry
- Robusta coffee
Robusta coffee can be grown in areas where Arabia coffee cannot be planted. Robusta coffee has its own characteristics
- Great seed
- High caffeine content
- Weak scent
The most famous type of Robusta coffee is
- Liberika coffee
This type of Liberica coffee is a large coffee from Libya in West Africa which can grow up to 9 meters and can be imported into Indonesia to replace Arabica coffee which is attacked by many pests and diseases.
This free coffee has its own characteristics
- The coffee size is bigger than other types of coffee
- Can bear fruit all year round
- The quality of the fruit is lower than other types
- Uneven fruit size
- Can grow in the lowlands
Benefits of coffee
Coffee is not only a delicious drink, but also has many benefits for the human body, including coffee has nutrients that are good for the human body, and coffee is also believed to be able to eliminate cancer. Here are some of the benefits of coffee.
Health benefits of coffee
- Increase endurance
The caffeine content in coffee is high enough. Adenosine in the human body will stimulate the brain and cause drowsiness. The caffeine content in coffee will affect the performance of adenosine cells and slow down the movement of adenosine cells, so that the body becomes fresh.
- Prevent cancer
According to research, the antioxidant content in coffee can help reduce the risk of cancer symptoms in the body.
- Maintain oral health
The content of coffee has antibacterial properties, so it is good for oral health, and helps heal tooth decay, infection and prevent oral cancer.
- Reducing the risk of diabetes
According to research, chlorogenic acid in coffee can help reduce diabetes by up to 50%.
- Improve mood
Many people feel happier and look fresher after drinking coffee because coffee is a drink that can improve mood.
Benefits of beauty coffee
- Coffee mask
Coffee is widely used in beauty salons because coffee has the function of tightening facial skin and can remove dead cells, so coffee can also be used as a facial cleansing cream.
- Scalp coffee
The content of caffeine is believed to prevent hair loss, and the antioxidants in coffee can protect the scalp.
- Coffee can refresh the body’s skin
There are many coffee-based scrubs, the benefits of coffee for the body are that it can remove dead cells, these dead cells can rejuvenate the body and make the skin look healthy forever.
- Fasten the coffee grounds against your face
The coffee powder used as a mask is very good for the face, especially to tighten the face so that premature aging does not occur.
yuhuu, writing on the language of all kinds of coffee, its benefits, and its history. Now, I will tell you which country is the best coffee producer, who knows when you go to that country, you can taste the coffee, right? Skuuuuuyyy !!!!!!
Coffee grows best in tropical climates between 20 ° N and 20 ° S. The coffee growing areas are spread from several countries in the US, Southeast Asia and South Asia, as well as Africa. There are very many of the largest countries in the world to come from this tropical climate.
In the past, when European countries brought coffee seeds from Ethiopia and planted them in their own countries, the plants did not grow well. Therefore, several European countries used their colonies in the tropics to grow coffee. From here coffee has become a commodity that is traded in large quantities in the world.
Also Read: Getting to Know More about North Sumatra (North Sumatra)
These magic seeds do have magical powers when brewed, so that anyone can be sedated by their taste. Many countries are competing to produce and provide the best coffee.
The world’s largest coffee producer is Brazil, which has dominated the coffee export market since 1830. Brazil’s export share accounts for 30% of the total global trade of this magic black bean. The country of samba is also the world’s largest producer of Arab coffee because 80% of its production is Arabic coffee.
Most of its coffee plantations are located in the states of Minas Gerais, São Paulo and Paraná. These three states are probably the ideal temperatures for coffee crop production.
The popularity of coffee in Brazil began during the colonial period from the 16th to 18th centuries. At that time, there was a famous plantation that had historical value in Brazil, namely Fazenda. These plantations are used to produce coffee and are concentrated in northeastern Brazil.
Plantations always use traditional coffee growing and processing methods. In fact, in that year, coffee production from these plantations contributed more than half of world coffee production.
In 2016, Brazilian coffee production exceeded 2.5 million tonnes. This figure is much higher than other largest coffee producing countries which did not reach 2 million tonnes that year. Due to its large production, Brazil ranks first among the largest coffee producers in the world.
The first caffeine crop grown in Vietnam originated in France in the 19th century. After the war ended in 1975, the development of coffee production in Vietnam began to develop.
According to data compiled by the International Coffee Organization, Vietnam is the second largest coffee producer in the world. Because Brazil ranks first, Vietnam is automatically the largest coffee producer in Southeast Asia.
The plantations in this country only focus on Robusta coffee production. The total output in 2016 is around 1.6 million tonnes. Vietnam may rank second among the world’s largest coffee producers, but it is the world’s largest producer of Robusta coffee.
In the world of coffee, Vietnam is famous for its unique coffee drink, càphêđá. This drink is basically cold coffee with sweetened condensed milk.
The coffee extraction process uses a metal filter cup or commonly called a dripper, so you have to wait drop by drop. Therefore, this type of drink is also known as drip coffee. Càphêđá has several other names elsewhere, including Vietnamese iced coffee, Vietnamese drip coffee and Vietnamese drip coffee.
Colombia may be a country riddled with political conflicts. But apart from that, there is another thing that makes the country’s progress so global, namely coffee. Colombia is the third largest coffee producer in the world.
Since 1790, Colombia has been developing coffee. However, the country could not export coffee until 1835, after which coffee became an important commodity. In 2016, total production of magic seeds in Colombia was 810,000 tonnes.
Colombian farmers know very well that to produce the best coffee beans, from planting, harvesting or picking to post-harvest processing, the best care is needed. Therefore, UNESCO also declared several coffee plantations in Colombia as a World Heritage Site. These growing areas include Antioquia, Caldas, Risaralda, Quindío, Tolima and Valle del Cauca.
Several documents in world history show that coffee first entered Indonesia in 1696. At that time, the Dutch brought coffee on behalf of the VOC and cultivated it in Indonesia with an agricultural system.
In the 1700’s, this miracle seed became the main commodity of the VOC. At that time, the Netherlands also monopolized the world coffee market. Java Island is one of the production centers.
After independence, coffee prices in Indonesia fell slightly. However, due to the persistence of the farmers and the nationalization of the plantations by the former Dutch and Indian governments, eventually the plantations began to rise and develop.
In the 2000s, Indonesian coffee rose again. Indonesia is the fourth largest coffee producer in the world after Brazil, Vietnam and Colombia. Total coffee production in Indonesia in 2016 is estimated at 660,000 tonnes per year. The variety of coffee flavors in various regions in Indonesia has been recognized internationally.
Indonesia has some of the largest coffee producing regions in the world. These areas are spread across Sumatra, Java, Sulawesi, East Nusa Tenggara and Papua. Coffee has a different taste, and each has its own uniqueness.
We are proud of our country which is rich in natural resources, spices and special plants that can be grown in the archipelago, such as coffee, tobacco as ingredients for cigarettes, beautiful nature and many other natural resources.
Ethiopia is a country where the Arabica plant was first discovered centuries ago. Many documents might say so. One of them is the famous fairy tale in Ethiopia, namely Khaldi and the Dancing Goat.
Although the plant originated in Ethiopia, it is popular among Arabs. Coffee from Ethiopia was brought by Arab traders and distributed around the world via the port of Mocha, Yemen.
This country is indeed the place where coffee was found and has become a legendary drink. However, the country is not the largest coffee producer. Ethiopia’s estimated production in 2016 was 384,000 tonnes, making it the fifth largest coffee producer in the world.
As the country of origin for coffee factories, Ethiopia has many local Arabica coffee varieties, including Limu, Harar and Sidham. In addition, due to mutations that have occurred over the centuries, there are hundreds or even thousands of wild species in Ethiopia.
In fact, Ethiopia has many variants, some of which are not well known. This breed is called the Ethiopian heirloom.
Honduras is the sixth largest coffee producer. In addition, Honduras is also known as a banana producing country so it is also called Banana Republic.
Honduras has cool air and grows coffee naturally. The country is experiencing a lack of infrastructure to support its coffee production. But over time, Honduran agriculture also flourished.
In 2016, Honduras produced 348,000 tonnes of coffee. The taste characteristics of natural Arabica coffee grown in Honduras are light, slightly sour, and blend perfectly into coffee blends. According to data from the International Coffee Organization, all plantations in Honduraas are used to make araabika coffee beans.
Indian coffee is usually grown with cardamom and cinnamon plantations. This agricultural crop uses a rainy climate to grow. This gives the coffee a nutty aroma and flavor.
In 2016, India’s coffee production was the same as that of Honduras, which was 348,000 tonnes. Not all places in India are suitable for growing coffee. Most of its plantations are located in the hills of southern India.
What entered Indonesia was Arabic coffee brought by the Dutch from Malabar, India. Although it also grows Arabica coffee, the main coffee produced in India is robusta coffee.
Unfortunately, Indians drink more tea than coffee. Therefore, coffee is produced for export. Its main buyers are Russia and several European countries.
Initially, coffee spread to Uganda due to the introduction of coffee by the Ethiopians. From here, coffee has played an important role in the Ugandan economy. Most people are also in the magic seed industry, which is probably the favorite drink of the people in this world.
Unlike Ethiopian coffee which mostly comes from Arabica, Uganda produces better Robusta coffee than Arabica. According to the International Coffee Organization, total coffee production in Uganda in 2016 was around 288,000 tonnes.
It is ranked the ninth largest coffee producing country in the world, with Mexico as its name. In 2016, total coffee production reached 234,000 tonnes. Allegedly, Mexico is the main source of American coffee imports.
Coffee was first introduced in the state of Veracruz, Mexico in the late 18th century. In the late 19th century, coffee was distributed to Chiapas, which is the main coffee producing region in Mexico. In the early 1980s, coffee plantations quickly spread to several states in Mexico.
The Mexican government has a body responsible for providing technical assistance, managing exports, and maintaining market prices for coffee. This institution is called Instituto Mexicano del Cafe. However, the agency was dissolved in 1989.
In the 2000s, the coffee crisis hit Mexico. This causes enormous social and economic problems. As a result, Mexican coffee production also fell.
The crisis has not diminished the everlasting love of Mexicans for their coffee. The hard work of the workers ultimately solved the problem well. Losses can be handled smoothly, while the market can still be controlled.
The second largest coffee producer is Guatemala. The country’s climate is perfect for coffee production. Guatemala’s most suitable conditions for coffee production are temperatures of 16 to 32 ° C and altitudes of 500-700 meters.
Coffee production in Guatemala started around 1850 and hasn’t stopped since. In the 1960s, the government saw an increase in market demand, which further supported coffee production. Therefore, the government established Anacafe (Asociación Nacional del Café).
According to data from the International Coffee Organization in 2016, Guatemala coffee production reached 104,000 tons. Production has been fairly steady in recent years.