Can you imagine that there was a machine capable of defeating the best poker players simultaneously? It is not necessary to continue imagining, in 2019 a poker vs AI experiment was carried out in which an artificial intelligence (AI) was able to beat 5 poker professionals in the modality of Texas Hold’em without limit . Some of the participants were Darren Elías, a professional player who holds the record for titles won on the Wold Poker Tour, Chris “Jesús” Ferguson and Jason Les. All of them were experienced players with close to a million euros http://220.127.116.11/agen-bola-sbobet/ through poker games.
This artificial intelligence machine is called Pluribus and is a renewed version of another machine that was created in 2017 for the same purpose . Next, we explain everything that has to do with AI in poker and the latest experiments. Go for it!
Poker vs AI: What is Pluribus and who developed it?
Pluribus is an experiment that was carried out by a team from Carnegie Mellon University (USA) in http://18.104.22.168/ collaboration with Facebook and the US Army Research Office. This experiment was led by researcher Tuomas Sandholm and Noam Brown (Facebook) .
The aim of this experiment was to develop an artificial intelligence capable of winning in poker competitions with multiplayer tables. That is to say, create an AI that was smart enough to handle scenarios with a lack of information, such as poker, and win the opponents despite it. Something that they achieved in 2019, when the research was published in the journal Science by those responsible for this project – and that led to a large number of rejections and feelings of aversion towards said research.
In the poker vs AI (Pluribus) experiment, a total of 5 players participated, in addition to the machine – all of them professionals in the world of poker betting, with several international records. In total 5,000 hands were played and of them Pluribus was the main winner, being the one that managed to raise the most money. The experiment was repeated with 13 other players in which case 10,000 hands were played . Similarly, the result was favorable for the machine, which managed to win by far.
What was verified after that is that the algorithm of this artificial intelligence was learning as it played . In poker, artificial intelligence – or Pluribus – showed that it knew how to deceive players perfectly – according to poker patterns, and that it used strategies such as face bets or end rounds with call and start betting. Several of the poker professionals who competed against her explained that it was impossible for them to find the weak http://22.214.171.124/agen-bola-online/ of the machine and that it revealed the bluffs used as a strategy.
Poker: Artificial Intelligence since 2017
Pluribus is not the first of the AIs to compete and win against poker players. In 2017 another poker vs AI experiment was carried out by the same developers as Pluribus. The machine, in this case, received the name of Libratus . Unlike its predecessor, Libratus was a supercomputer machine, while Pluribus only needed one server to run.
Although it participated in different tables and was consolidated as the main winner, the truth is that Libratus used a much simpler strategy, since it only competed in two-player tables . In other words, the probability of success was much higher. The Libratus algorithm, Brown and Sandholm explained, had three main phases, although all of them were based on the strategy of zero games, in which the gain of one is the loss of another.
What has happened to her today with Pluribus?
The truth is that the Pluribus results were so decisive that the researchers decided not to publish their code. And it is that this poker algorithm, they explained, could be very harmful for online poker game houses. So it was decided that this poker and artificial intelligence experiment would not be sold so as not to harm anyone. Currently developers are working in the field of innovation and artificial intelligence. Noam Brown is part of Facebook’s Artificial Intelligence department, while Tuomas Sandholm has his own company called Strategy Robot focused on the commercialization of government and security applications focused, above all, on military strategy and tactics, as well as intelligence and cybersecurity.
Artificial intelligence follows, on the other hand, another development path so that it can be applied in situations that facilitate routines, as well as to develop some tasks that people cannot do at certain times.